Please consider the following expose of this topic by Ex Illuminati member, Carolyn Hamlett.
If we really seek truth surely we need to follow where the evidence leads us, even if it feels uncomfortable at first?
You may also wish to see my (Ex New Ager), related post Debunking Zeitgeist and The Age of Aquarius. It offers a CASH REWARD to serious scholars!
Plus my other related post Did Jesus copy previous saviors and mystery religions? Was The Da Vinci Code correct?
Ex Illuminati member, Carolyn Hamlett, posted this on her blog Beyond The Physical Realm. She kindly gave me permission to share below.
(About Carolyn : Carolyn, an Ex Illuminist and myself, Laura, Ex New Age Spiritualist, have been interviewed together on several radio shows! She and I have been in both camps, so we’re not Christians who haven’t studied these things. Our personal experiences of ‘Lucifer’ are thus perhaps worth considering.)
Please see link for our Radio Shows together.
Carolyn’s Article From Her Blog :
I was doing some research in preparation for writing an article on the film, “Zeitgeist” when I came across a web site ,”The Debunking of Zeitgeist Mythology”. This site is no longer on the Internet, but the author of this incredible piece of research, “R. Christopher” has given me exclusive permission to publish his article. Please abide by his copyright.
If you are interested in the true story of the Zodiac, I recommend this book:
“Sting of the Scorpion: The Truth Behind The Star Signs – The Zodiac Mystery”.
by archaeologist, Jonathan Gray. You can find it at: http://www.beforeus.com
ASTROLOGY EXPOSED — THE TRUTH BEHIND STAR NAMES AND SIGNS.
Ancient civilisations believed that a serpent – which represented the devil – took control of the world. They believed a virgin’s baby would fight the serpent, defeat him and bring peace, life and happiness back to mankind. The pictures on the sky map were used to describe the story and NOT to tell people’s fortunes through the stars. The NAMES of the stars, as well as the star sign PICTURES told that story. ~ description by J. Gray.
Also see video : Jonathan Gray – Surprising Discoveries 4 – The Truth Behind Star Signs.
THE DEBUNKING OF ZEITGEIST MYTHOLOGY by R. Christopher
Last Emendation (on this article): June 4, 2008.
I just hope the authors of Zeitgeist do not alter their transcript (without changing the movie) after challenges have been posted. If this becomes an issue, please request Zeitgeist forward you a copy of the transcript and bibliography as it was on December 1, 2007.
(LAURA’S NOTE : YES, ZEITGEIST DID REMOVE THEIR FIRST MOVIE AND RE-HASH IT, AFTER CHRISTIANS AND OTHERS DEBUNKED IT! THEY WERE ACCUSED OF LIES AND ADMITTED THEY HAD LIED. SO WHY DO PEOPLE STILL BELIEVE THEM?)
See a radio interview I did on The Kev Baker Show, where I gave evidence for their lies! https://yourspiritualquest.wordpress.com/2015/12/22/laura-jesus-a-copycat-saviour-on-kbs-truth-seekers-show/
I took quotes about their lies from one of these videos, see below link. Yes, they admitted to lies and so did their Medium friend and top author Acharya S. https://yourspiritualquest.wordpress.com/the-age-of…/
Email to R. Christopher: “Zeitgeist is leading millions of our children away from God. The film is nationally and internationally acclaimed. It is one of the most popular draws in the history of Internet. It is fodder for the impressionable, unsuspecting mass gathered at the trough of poisoned feed lots for academic ignorance….” Anne P., Chicago, IL.
Email to R. Christopher: “I just want to express my sincere appreciation for your dedication to bringing out the truth. I was crying as I wasted 2 hours of my day watching that propaganda. I am embarrassed to say that I found myself feeling stripped of everything I knew to be true. I’m so thankful to you for your well educated and intelligent response to the lies expressed…. Thank you for being the voice of reason in my moment of weakness….” Julie S.
A LETTER TO MY SON by R. Christopher
Dear Ron: Of immediate concern is Zeitgeist, Part 1. Since governmental conspiracy theories are a dime-a-dozen, the rest of the film is only mildly captivating. The video’s transcript and bibliography will be used to investigate Part 1 (See Source A).
It is within this initial segment that there are a myriad of points to which anyone can respond. A thorough study of Zeitgeistmaterial would require months if not years to complete. Since it is too costly to purchase and review each and every Zeitgeist bibliographic reference, only a few select sources have been purchased and analyzed. It should be just as obvious that neither can I forward you my library.
Hence, the next very best thing has been accomplished: Source Material has been added in hopes to direct you to online supporting data. I do this so you may access background information at no cost. Please be advised Source Material echoes similar sentiments expressed within the books in my library. As you may recall, my library covers both sides of most every religious debate.
Hence, references are as unbiased as can be. In addition, and purposefully, a majority of supporting data is secular in nature rather than religious. This should speak volumes in our quest to explore the claims of Zeitgeist.
Before beginning, it is important to note Zeitgeist uses the same form of biased media reporting they so readily denounce within the film and public arena at-large. In other words, they are guilty of the very thing they exclusively attribute to others—the slanting and marketing of ideas using the pen, screen or ‘tube’, as they so summarily espouse.
They do so knowing a majority of the populace cannot or will not study opposing views. They neither have the time or money. Zeitgeist’s knowledge of this fact is ever present within the film. But in this regard, they are right. We are indeed a society, it seems, forced into obtaining our information ‘fast food’ style.
It is also important to realize that all thoughts or ideas are mere suppositions. Even science itself sets out to prove its own theory or hypothesis, not so much the contrary. This is verifiable when we look at the ritual involved in the Scientific Method. In addition, when it comes to reason, it is only human reason with all its frailties. When it comes to logic, an unsound premise only results in an unsound conclusion.
Therefore, reason and logic do not always provide a ‘reasonable’ or ‘logical’ explanation. They do not consistently exemplify absolute truth or reality as we think we know it. When it comes to mathematics and human beings, its boundaries are neither perfect nor limitless. Hence, we find ourselves enveloped in a sea of faith built upon human definitions and constructs no matter where we turn.
Even when we look at the historical record, we find ourselves at the discretion of what others write. ‘What if’ one wanted to change the present by altering the past? Back to The Future, you ask? Perhaps. And this thesis can be applied equilaterally.
So it is in this marketplace of motive, record and ideas we find ourselves. If we are bold and seek the truth, as much as we may know it, we may ask: “What is Zeitgeist’s motive?” “How accurate are their assertions given the record, historical or otherwise?” and, “Are the conclusions posited representative of a majority of academic acclaim?”
When motive is undeclared, it is left to the imagination of those to whom motive and intention are directed. Such is the case with Zeitgeist. But the clues, the forensic evidence, are in. The film is replete with the same.
The definition of Zeitgeist is “Time Spirit” or prevailing cultural wind (Source B). In the video Zeitgeist, the author employs a postmodern view of the Wizard of Oz as the proverbial “Man behind the curtain” who is responsible for everything wrong in the cosmos, particularly America. But this interpretation is based on conjecture, not necessarily fact.
In the original writing by Frank Baum, 1899, The Wizard of Oz had little or nothing to do with an all-encompassing master architect. While it is clear associative similes can be interpolated, the fact remains, Zeitgeist’s authors only wish to replace Baum’s interpretation of the original Wizard of Oz with their very own version of the same. It is at this juncture we must ask, “What man, whose man, is behind the curtain… this time?”
What is the motive of this new wizard? Zeitgeist makes it abundantly clear the object of the film is to rip at the very fabric of current social, political, cultural and religious convention—all without an alternative offered by the same. It goes without saying it is always easier to be critical of something than it is to offer a solution. So, why should we be surprised by Zeitgeist’s bellowing? We should not. And neither should we fear.
Again, if I may, Zeitgeist’s intent is one of provocation: the authors seem resolute in the demolition and restructuring of the norm. They are busy imploding the current socio-religio-economic structure and are starting on the new. Only the debris from the first needs carting off, at least in their mind. But the new construct will reside on the same ground as the world does today, within the hearts or soul of its people. The footing was initially poured in the Garden of Eden.
The cornerstone was laid during the Renaissance and Enlightenment. The walls went up in 1859 with Darwin’s On The Origin Of The Species. The roof was tacked on in 1933 when the Humanist Manifesto was penned. This manifesto decrees the desires of only a few, the elite—the so-called intellectual community—the self-elect body of the divine.
It speaks of a world without God, without religion, without the metaphysical—a world guided for all, but only by a few. And its adherents number more than just a handful of Nobel Laureates. To be so educated (please note I did not say intelligent), they are so arrogant and ignorant of their own canted tirades.
While they deny and decry the world’s present-day proscriptions, they merely seek to replace them with their own. Can it be asked, “Who elected them savior?” Who is this new messiah,this “Man behind the curtain?” In the opinion of this author, it is the secular humanist. All one has to do to lend credence to this view is to read Humanist Manifestos I, II and III (Source C).
In concluding this introductory segment on the film, it is important to note the majority of Zeitgeist’s bibliographic references are not confirmation of facts, whatsoever. This does not reflect badly upon sources but rather Zeitgeist, in that referential content contains little more than ‘points of view.’
In other words, they prove very little, if anything at all. Zeitgeist’s bibliographic references are mere reflections of stated opinion, not facts. And conjecture alone is without substantive process.
My Response: Inclusive of those within Green Peace (one of the film’s proponents) and the environmental movement as a whole—as if only a systematic change can preserve the same.
Oceans, Cell Reproduction and Transitional Species:
My Response: This is an indoctrination attempt by Zeitgeist to tie the natural fear of death exclusively to Judeo-Christian (religious) beliefs and patriotism.
9-11, World War Events, Soldier Crying while Saluting the American Flag:
My Response: Again, Zeitgeist continues in their brainwashing effort to tie war and the natural fear of dying to Judeo-Christian (religious) faith and patriotism.
Zeitgeist’s Use Of The Comedian George Carlin: Used as an opening to degrade religion and God.
Zeitgeist Assertions, The film, Part 1
Please note that the film’s transcript is not verbatim. Words, terms, phrases are added or omitted when compared to the film. It is also true lecture segments are not contained within the transcript. Please cross reference Source A (Zeitgeist’s transcript) with paragraph and sentence denotation below. I will only address major points of concern. For topics I do not address, I either agree with Zeitgeist or am indifferent to the same.
Note: Zeitgeist paragraph and sentence denotation will be listed as “P,” “S” or “Part.” P = the Paragraph # within Zeitgeist’s transcript; S = the Sentence number within the paragraph; Part = a number of sentences or claims within the paragraph. Anything I have to say about Zeitgeist’s claims will be listed as “My Response.” Refer to Source A, the film’s transcript and bibliography, when scrutinizing.
P1, S5: “These realities made the sun the most adored object of all.”
My Response: Zeitgeist’s “cross” is also known as “Crux” or more recently, as it emerged from its precession within sixteenth century AD, as the constellation “Southern Cross.” It was then used as a celestial reference point in guiding early European explorers southward. Crux is difficult if not impossible to see from latitude twenty-five degrees, north.
Since Crux was not named a constellation until some 1500 years after Christ’s death, it is hard to understand how the constellation became part of the pre-Christian Zodiac. The first known archaeological record of the Zodiac appears in 5th century BC but again, this particular constellation was not known or named until 16th century AD. This, by deduction alone, makes it hardly “One of the oldest [Zodiacal] conceptual images in history.” (See also P15, S8 and 10 below and Sources E and Q.)
P3, S2: “The sun, with its life-giving and saving qualities was personified as a representative of the unseen creator or god… ‘God’s Sun [implication: God’s Son], the light of the world [implication: Jesus], the savior of human kind [implication: the Messiah].'”
My Response: Zeitgeist lists only one reference that surmises Plato’s and Socrates’ interpretation of the sun and god (cf. The Book of the Sun (De Sole), Marsilio Ficino, chapter XIII, year 1494). And this particular reference does not reverberate the assimilated notions of Zeitgeist. Hence,there is no bibliographic evidence substantiating Zeitgeist’s claim.
Note: For the sake of time and expense, I will only address one god, Horus, in detail. The reasoning behind this is twofold. First, secular academia points to the African continent as being the place for man’s origins. In this regard, no other religious belief system could be as old. Second, Zeitgeist uses the North African province of Egypt as well as its hieroglyphics to draw a parallel to Christianity. Thus, to address the false deity of Horus, as the film suggests, is to address the rest.
Note: There are several critical claims made by Zeitgeist in Paragraph 5. However, we must keep in mind throughout our analysis of this paragraph that it begins with a warning. Zeitgeistadmits they are just “Boldly speaking” about the information that follows. This statement or warning from Zeitgeist is to be taken quite literally. It is assimilation (transformation), once again, by the few.
P5, S1(Part 1): “Boldly speaking, the story of Horus is as follows: Horus was born on December 25th…” [Emphasis added.]
My Response: Throughout the film, Zeitgeist attempts to draw parallels between pre-Christian religions and Christianity. In other words, Zeitgeist endeavors to show Christianity is nothing more than a by-product of earlier belief systems. In this particular example, Zeitgeist wishes to show the Christian celebration of Christ’s birthday on December 25th is nothing more than a replication of Horus’ birthday. But is this allegation true?
Facts of the Matter: Only a few pre-Christian gods’ birthdays were celebrated on December 25th, certainly not all, or even most. Horus, Ishtar and Mithra to name the minority. But this is understandable given the celestial realities of the pagan. To these individuals and communities, December 25th represented the winter solstice—a day in which shorter nights and longer days could be anticipated. It was their primary annual festival.
But December 25th does not equate to Christ’s birth either biblically or outside the early Catholic church. Christ’s birthday cannot be ascertained, period. The Bible is non-specific. The date is not mentioned and thus unimportant. In fact, it is more likely Christ was born in March rather than December, for whatever it’s worth. The earliest reference to the Christian celebration of Christmas is found in the Calendar of Filocalus, a manuscript compiled in Rome in AD 354.
It is recorded the Christmas jubilee was created and installed on December 25th by the early Catholic church in order to entice Roman pagans to convert to Christianity. This particular act was to ensure pagans that a complete and immediate abandonment of the winter festival was not a prerequisite to accepting Christ. (Source G.) The early Catholic church assigned this date, not the Bible.
Zeitgeist brings charges against Christianity for employing the same date as pagans but again, this charge is misguided. Christianity is far greater and more extensive than any of its parts, for example, any particular denomination or sect. Thus, Zeitgeist’s inference may be rejected.
My Response: The bibliographic references within Zeitgeist do not lend credence to the view Horus was born of a “virgin.” It is imagined and marketed in order to deride Christianity. The prevalence of the ever-changing names and characteristics of mythological gods over time make it easy to select from a smorgasbord of desires for each and every entity (see P4, S3 above). The thought that Isis ‘may’ be a virgin is only idealized—not always realized (Source I).One can establish Zeitgeist’s deception by looking at their very own bibliographic reference.
“It is often argued that Isis was not a virgin because, in one version of the myth, she impregnated herself using the severed phallus of Osiris [the envisioned father of Horus] after he was killed and torn to pieces…. A ‘miracle conception.'” [Emphasis added]
Note: There is no mention of Isis as a “virgin” in this bibliographic reference. It is also just as true Zeitgeist defeats its own purpose by admitting: “It is often argued that Isis was not a virgin.” As if this is not enough, Zeitgeist goes on to introduce the idea of an “Immaculate Conception” as well. This is a further attempt to set the stage for anti-Christian propaganda.
In the next Zeitgeist bibliographic reference, it is recorded:
“However, in another version of the myth, Frazer points out that Isis was impregnated with Horus: While she fluttered in the form of a hawk over the crops of her dead husband… a ‘virgin conception'”
Note: How does Frazer or anybody else for that matter deduce from this bibliographic reference Isis was a virgin when impregnated? And this is the passage Zeitgeist wants to use in validating Isis as a virgin? And how is it Massey and thus Zeitgeist conclude Horus’ birth was “a virgin conception”? This incorrectly derived conclusion ‘Tilts the Table’ or ‘Leads the Witness’ to dubious ends.
Zeitgeist’s use of redaction is truly a reduction in truth. Its methodology is treacherous, bogus and unscholarly. But the aim and the target remain undaunted—Christ and His followers. (Sources F, G, H and I.)
Note: It is the logical ‘Fallacy of Genetic’ to criticize referential sources. That is why it is imperative to investigate the author and his works. Understanding Massey’s dissertations were formulated mostly on assimilation and conjecture, it easy to see why this 19th century author’s works were and are considered by most to be objectionable.
Gerald Massey was born in Herfordshire, UK, in the year 1828. Massey grew up in poor, gloomy, stressful and deprived conditions. It is the opinion of this author Massey’s childhood could not help but to affect him throughout the rest of his life. His outlook and eccentricity in later years was made obvious through his emotive poetry and rebellion from the religious norm.
Massey was: 1) a Modern Spiritualist, 2) an evolutionist and 3) the ‘chief’ of the Most Ancient Order of the Druids from 1880 to 1906—a non-Celtic, secret pagan society. His associations included both the scholarly and the not so scholarly regarding his 4) frequent ties to Freemasonry.
After spending years as a poet, Massey truncated to deciphering Shakespearian sonnets as many voiced their distrust for Massey’s interpretations. Knowing Gerald Massey was self-taught did little in the way of promoting his cause. Massey later migrated to the field of Egyptology where most of his works continued to be a matter of dispute amongst learned Egyptologists and a matter of intrigue for those desiring a godless cosmogony.
It is here Massey’s subterfuge persisted as he ineptly attempted to tie Egypt’s symbology to the story of Christ and Christianity. Indubitably, Massey’s writings, books and lectures were designed for the few, both then and now.
Massey’s continued impoverishment seemingly forced and channeled his narrative effort. This, apparently, was to bring attention to his work and thus the financial support he so fervently sought. Massey died in 1907. And the likes of Freud, Marx, Nietzsche and the resulting humanist movement followed. (Sources H(1), (2), (3), (4) and (5).)
Note: Please carefully examine Source H(5). It is imperative in understanding the ulterior motive of the postmodern movement. No matter how much redactors misinterpret original texts, they cannot obtain the results desired—a direct link between pre-Christian and true Christian beliefs.
P5, S2 (Part 2): “… Which in turn, three kings followed to locate and adorn the new-born savior.”
My Response: Zeitgeist does not list one single bibliographic reference noting that he, Horus, “At the age of twelve… was a prodigal teacher….”. And neither do Sources F, I or J. This pronouncement by Zeitgeist is a contraction of the evidence submitted via their very own bibliography.
It is, by all congenial means, a mere Zeitgeist assimilation of another assimilation—and another assimilation—and another assimilation, ad infinitum, ad nauseam. This method consistently presents an endless, doubtful display of the known arti-‘facts.’
There is no mention of Horus being a “prodigal teacher” in Massey’s summary; none whatsoever. And the only bibliographic semblance of Horus being “twelve” and having any relevancy at all is that Massey points out it was ‘about’ this time in Egyptian mythology a child passes from adolescence to adulthood.
But then Massey goes on to contradict himself in the same notation by submitting it was ‘about’ the age of thirty in Egyptian folklore that a man became a ‘real’ adult.
Confused? No doubt. In concluding this montage on the Zeitgeist announcement, there is no bibliographic data suggesting Horus began any sort of ministry at all, much less at the age of thirty. (See Zeitgeist’s bibliographic entries on this matter.)
P5, S3 (Part 2): “… He was baptized by a figure known as Anup…”
My Response: Sources F, I and J do not reflect this claim, whatsoever. Nowhere in my studies is it even implied Zeitgeist’s statement is anything more than an assimilation of the twelve astrological signs into that of “disciples.” This is further clarified, and more appropriately so, in P17 and P18 below.
P5, S5: “Horus was known by many gestural names such as The Truth, The Light, God’s Anointed Son, The Good Shepherd, the Lamb of God, and many others.”
My Response: This is a sad testament to Zeitgeist’s lack of scholarship. Zeitgeist lists two bibliographic entries in support of the above statement. However, there is no support. In the first bibliographic entry, the author lists attributes of Osiris—not Horus, the subject of discussion (see P29, Part 2 below).
Also within this same work, the author does not list one single footnoted reference mirroring one single “gestural” name listed above. In the next bibliographic entry, the second author excludes any footnoted material whatsoever. In other words, we may only deduce the statement above is nothing more than unsubstantiated opinion.
P5, S6: “After being betrayed by Typhon, Horus was crucified, buried for 3 days, and thus, resurrected.”
P10: Mithra of Persia: An Indo-Persian concept meaning “Covenant, contract, oath, treaty or friend.” This concept was later anthropomorphized as a deity in Zoroastrianism, Arianism, within the Vedas, Manichaeism and the Achaemenid dynasty. There is no evidence Mithra influenced the Gospel writers whatsoever.
In fact, it was not until the 2nd century AD Mithra was even known in the Roman world. The New Testament had long been completed by this date. Again, who most likely borrowed from whom? (Source N(1) and N(2).)
P11, Part 1: “The fact of the matter is there are numerous saviors, from different periods, from all over the world, which subscribe to these general characteristics.”
My Response: The above sentence is objectionable because it misleads the populace by introducing analogies by way of assimilation (transformation via opinionated analysis). This is done in an effort to draw a distinct parallel between most pre-Christian mythological religions and Christianity.
Segments of the sentence that are misleading include: 1) “The fact of the matter,” 2) “Numerous saviors” and, 3) “Which subscribe to these general characteristics.”
First, there is no “Fact of the matter.” This is personal conjecture based on nebulous premises. When conclusions are based on false or opinionated premises the conclusion itself cannot be true.
Second, in Zeitgeist’s case, the phrase “Numerous saviors” is based on a personal interpretation of the word “savior”—not a literal rendering of the same. Since sentiment is part of Zeitgeist’s calculation, its adjacent result cannot be true.
Third, “Which subscribe to these general characteristics.” This segment is also an opinionated conclusion and thus false once more. The writer has not given credence to any part of the above claim whatsoever.
P11, Part 2: “The question remains, why these attributes…”
My Response: There is no “inevitable resurrection.” Again, Osiris was a dead and gone god—not a risen one. He never returned to earth or life (see Source H(5), page 11). Attis’ genitals were cut off, planted and resurged as an evergreen pine tree (Source K). Eleven centuries after Christ, Krishna all-of-a-sudden took on death, burial and re-birth (not resurrection) scenarios (Source L and N(2)). And the list and the fabrications go on. Please reference Sources on other gods.
P11, Part 7: “… Why 12 disciples or followers?”
My Response: I have not been able to uncover a ‘twelve disciple following’ in any of my studies regarding pre-Christian gods. It is Zeitgeist’s homogenization and misapplication of ancient astronomical and astrological mythologies into that of Christianity (viz., the twelve astrological signs). A more extensive discussion on this matter occurs in P17 and P18 below.(Sources D and E.)
P11, Part 8: “To find out, let’s examine the most recent of the solar messiahs.”
My Response: In Luke 2:46, it is clear Jesus was not assuming the role of a teacher at the age of twelve but rather that of a respectful, inquisitive student. To falsely claim that Jesus was teaching to the elders, as in the mis-promulgated theory regarding Horus (see P5, S3 (Part 1) above) is to enter into questionable antics. The reason for this is obvious: Jesus actually began to teach in the synagogues around thirty years of age (cf. Luke 4:15 and P12, Part 4 below).
P12, Part 4: “… At the age of 30 he was baptized by John the Baptist, and thus began his ministry….”
My Response: Zeitgeist has not submitted one single piece of evidence to validate this assertion. It is strictly bunk, as this document reveals. (Sources D, E and H(5).)
P13, Remainder of S1: “The star in the east is Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, which on December 24th, aligns with the 3 brightest stars in Orion’s Belt. These three bright stars are called in ancient times: The Three Kings. The Three kings and the brightest star, Sirius, all point to the place of the sunrise on December 24th. This is why the Three kings ‘follow’ the star in the east, in order to locate the sunrise-the birth of the sun.”
My Response: First, there is no supporting evidence “The Virgin Mary is the constellation Virgo.” To make such an unsubstantiated claim is unscholarly, slanted and vindictive. Second, Virgo represents a constellation of stars—not a particular person. Only in Zodiac iconography do we see the constellation Virgo symbolized by a female, and certainly not the “Virgin Mary.”
Third, the astrological sign for Scorpio is also an altered ‘m.’ The particular astrological sign for Scorpio is the scorpion. In astrological myth, Scorpio represents water or the elements as well as the “Killer of Orion.”
Orion, in conjunction with the alignment of Sirius, is the belt of stars Zeitgeist uses in attempt to bring legitimacy to the claim it was this object, or group of objects, leading the magi to Christ’s birthplace (see P12, S2 above, where this postulate is completely dismantled).
If ‘m’ can represent Virgo or Scorpio, then it is just as likely Scorpio represents the killer of Zeitgeist’s “star of the east” theory as it does anything else. Talk about unmitigated hypotheses!
Fourth, out of the thousands of gods that have been worshipped over time, Zeitgeist can only come up with a total of two names that begin with a transliterated English ‘M’. Talk about “Making a mountain out of a mole hill!” Unbelievable.
In so doing, Zeitgeist falls victim to the logical fallacies of non sequitur, dismissal, false analogy, invincible ignorance, irrelevant conclusion, meaningless claim, provincialism, hasty and sweeping generalization, unaccepted enthymeme and wishful thinking. (Sources P1 and P2.)
P14, S2 and S3: “Virgo is also referred to as the House of bread, and the representation of Virgo is a virgin holding a sheaf of wheat. This House of Bread and its symbol of wheat represents August and September, the time of harvest.”
“The meanings of the signs of the Zodiac are to this day largely interpretive and the subject of various conjectures…. it is intended in this work to prove that far higher and more important records, those of the the only true wisdom of man, are contained in the emblems of the constellations.” [Emphasis added.]
After this bibliographic reference, does anymore have to be said? Does anymore need to be written? It is just as true neither do attached studies support Zeitgeist’s claim that “Virgo is also referred to as the House of Bread.” (Sources P(1), P(2), D, E, and H(5).)
“Of Heb. or. (1036); Bethleem (i.e., Beth-lechem), a place in Pal.: Bethlehem.” In the Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary portion of Strong’s, #1036 is defined as: “from 1004 and the fem. Of 6083 (with prep. Interposed); house to (i.e., of) dust; Beth-le-Aphrah, a place in Pal.: house of Aphrah.”
To insist the word Bethlehem is a reference to the constellation Virgo is to form a conclusion based on two questionable, if not three false, premises (review P14, S2-S5 above).
P15, S8 & S10: “…During this three day pause, the Sun resides in the vicinity of the Southern Cross, or Crux, constellation…. And thus it was said: the Sun died on the cross, was dead for three days, only to be resurrected or born again.”
My Response: There is not one single “Crucifixion, 3-day death, and resurrection” allegory within the pantheon of pre-Christian gods—not one. Most legends that predate the historical Christ deal with the death and re-birth of vegetation or other ethereal notions—not a real historical being. (See Attachment N(2).)
P15, S12: “It is the Sun’s transition period before it shifts its direction back into the Northern Hemisphere, bringing spring, and thus salvation.”
“It is that of the twelve gods, as the Christian followers of Mithra had their twelve apostles.”
First, the phrase “Christian followers of Mithra,” is a misapplication of terms. The two words are contradictory and thus, self-defeating. There is no such thing as a “Christian” who follows Mithra or any other religious belief system for that matter.
Second, the introduction of Mithra into the Roman world did not occur until 2nd century AD. (Source N(1).) This shows a merging of some belief systems long after Christ’s death—often via the Gnostics.
Hence, we may say with some certainty that it was Mithraism’s induction of Christian beliefs rather than the reverse. (See P6, “Mithra of Persia” above and Sources N(1) and N(2).)
Third, Jesus’ selection of 12 disciples was not without historical, biblical precedent. The 12 disciples mirrored the 12 tribes of Israel, not 12 astrological signs. The 12 tribes of Israel existed long before 5th century Zodiacal worship. (See P2, S1 and P18.)
My Response: The film Zeitgeist fails at another attempt to tie the mythological to the realty and historicity of Christ’s Crucifixion.
First, the cross of the Zodiac and the Cross on which Christ died are dissimilar. The Zodiac cross is shaped like a + (plus sign) with four equal points. The Cross on which Christ died is shaped more like a T.
Hence, this does not reflect Christianity’s use of Zodiac iconography for Christ’s Crucifixion. Though Constantine altered the appearance of the Cross in 312 AD, this change never mirrored the Zodiacal cross. (Source T.)
Second, note Zeitgeist’s use of the term “early occult” rather than a term identifying the early Christian. This, unwittingly, removes early Christendom from any of Zeitgeist’s charges.
Third, it is also just as true art did NOT “always” depict Christ with an evenly dissected cross in the background. This occurred, as Zeitgeist (again, unwittingly) concurs, when “occult” practices began a number of years post-Christ. In fact, in early Christendom, Cross symbolism was seldom if ever used. This was due to the Christian’s fear of retribution.
It would have identified the persecuted Christian to Roman authorities and thus end in the Christian’s demise—their own crucifixion. Crucifixion was one of the most horrifying forms of punishment and death a person could experience. From about 400 BC to AD 325, Romans used the method of crucifixion to carry out the death penalty. No artist or art form for the first couple of centuries after Christ utilized the Cross in replicating Christian symbolism.
Again, this was for fear of being executed. This is evident through second century AD—within the catacombs, frescoes, mosaics, manuscripts, and within early Christian sculpture. (Source U.) Later, much later, as Zeitgeist confirms, some artists influenced by Gnosticism and paganism (“the occult”) began to incorporate an evenly dissected cross behind the head of Christ.
However, the fact remains: the Cross of Jesus, from day one and hundreds of years afterwards, was never a product of the Zodiac or other pagan practices. It is here where Zeitgeist falters.
P20: “Now of the many astrological-astronomical metaphors in the bible, one of the most important has to do with the ages. Throughout the scripture there are numerous references to the ‘Age’….”
My Response: First, there is that similar expression again: “broadly speaking.” This warns the viewer of Zeitgeist anything following within this segment of the film cannot be taken literally. We have seen this before (see P4, S5 above).
Second, amongst most theologians, there are two, four or even five dispensations—rarely, if ever, three. Zeitgeist simply attempts to correlate the 2,150-year cycle of the Zodiac without knowledge of dispensational views. Once again, they fail to make the grade because they fail to understand the Scriptures and thus make the link they so zealously desire.
P22, S1: “Now Jesus is the figure who ushers in the age following Aries, the Age of Pices the Two Fish….”
My Response: First, the proclamation that Jesus’ birth date had anything to do with “the start of this age” is illconceived (see P22, S1 above).
Second, Zeitgeist finally admits Jesus’ birth date is “assumed.” In other words, December 25th is not a date carved in stone—as has been “assumed” all-along by the author(s) of Zeitgeist. I have tried to make this point on numerous occasions.
Third, on the subject of “ages,” the matter has been previously adjudged. There is no correlation between Zodiacal and biblical ages (see P20 – P22 above).
P23: “At Luke 22:10 when Jesus is asked by his disciples where the next Passover will be, Jesus replied: ‘behold when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you bearing a picture of water… follow him into the house where he entereth in’….”
My Response: First, read the entire paragraph within Zeitgeist’s transcript. The above excerpt represents only a portion thereof.
Second, never before has Zeitgeist so openly and flagrantly displayed such biblical ignorance. Luke 22:10 deals with preparation for the Jewish Passover.
Passover was the name given to the most critical of the three great historical annual festivals of the Jews. It was kept in remembrance of the Lord’s passing over the houses of the Israelites (Exodus 12:13).
It was incorporated in ceremonial law (Leviticus 23:4-8)—long before Jesus of Nazareth arrived on the scene. The word Passover also came to note the Lamb slain at the feast—Jesus (Mark 14:12-14; 1 Corinthians 5:7).
Christ was simply instructing His disciples as to where to conduct this feast by giving them a sign no outsider could recognize since the authorities were already looking to destroy Him. Thus Passover, or the man bearing a picture of water, has absolutely nothing to do with the passing of “ages”—as I have already demonstrated (see P20 – P22 above).
P24: “Now, we have all heard about the end times and the end of the world…. The main source of this idea comes from Matthew 28:20, where Jesus says: ‘I will be with you even to the end of the world.’ However, in the King James Version, ‘world’ is a mistranslation, among many mistranslations. The actual word being used is ‘aeon,’ which means ‘age’….”
My Response: What one sows, one reaps. If we sow or study in shallow soil, our results will be shallow as well. “When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown….” (Matthew 13:19.)
Herein, is the problem with Zeitgeist. Their research is imbued with biblical and academic ignorance, multiple layers of assimilation and hearsay and biased, ulterior motive.Regarding the term “world” in Matthew 28:20, the following can be recorded:
Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible:
My Response: First, Zeitgeist has previously stated Horus was: a) the sun; b) the sun’s movement; c) the solar messiah and d) the “light.” Now, they finally admit Horus was nothing more than a sun god. (See P4, S3 – P6.)
Second, Zeitgeist has not supplied one single piece of evidence Jesus is “a literary and astrological hybrid” or “a plagiarization of the Egyptian Sun-god Horus.” All one has to do to validate this claim is to carefully review the facts within this analysis.
P25, S2: “For example, inscribed about 3500 years, on the walls of the Temple of Luxor in Egypt are images of the enunciation, the immaculate conception, the birth, and the adoration of Horus. The images begin with Thaw announcing to the virgin Isis that she will conceive Horus, then Nef the holy ghost impregnating the virgin, and then the virgin birth and the adoration.”
My Response: It is true. The number of ‘other’ Great Flood accounts is staggering. Some say over two hundred, others six hundred. Accounts of the flood cover the globe. And all of these stories occurred at a time when intercontinental travel was thought to be impossible. Seemingly, this would add credence to the biblical account—not the opposite.
It is inconceivable how anyone could refuse to look through Galileo’s telescope (once more) and refer to themselves as the elite, intellectual community. And this is what we do when we refuse to look at empirical (observed, geological) evidence. This is particularly puzzling when anyone, at any time, can find remains of the flood—in any valley or on any mountaintop.
But the question remains: “From whence did this story originate?” Zeitgeist would have us believe the biblical story is a duplicate of an earlier piecemeal Babylonian account called the Epic of Gilgamesh. But is Zeitgeist’s allegation true?
Of particular import here is one’s stance on the chronological history of the Bible. One of the most popular Christian views involves the calculated biblical genealogical record of Archbishops Ussher and Lightfoot.
According to Ussher and Lightfoot, the flood would have taken place somewhere around 2348 BC (Source X(1)).
Recent secular scientific (geological) data supports a massive flood occurring around 7,500 years ago or 5400BC (Source X(2)).
The difference seems inexplicable. But perhaps it is not.
Ussher and Lightfoot and a “Young-Earth Cosmology:” This view insists that God’s Creation occurred approximately 6,000 years ago and included the creation of both the heavens and the earth (the entire cosmos). This view is taught and thus believed to be within Scripture.
However, the age of the cosmos is not directly represented within the Bible. It can only be deduced through a series of assumptions. The assumptions necessary for believing in a “Young-Earth Cosmology” are:
(1) That bishops Ussher and Lightfoot’s chronology of the Bible (initially postulated in 1642 and later in 1650) is correct;
(2) That the genealogical record employed by Ussher and Lightfoot was complete and was translated and analyzed without error;
(3) That Ussher and Lightfoot had a clear understanding of the Hebrew application of the words “ab” and “ben” (usually translated as “father” and “son” but can also mean “grand,” “great,” “great-great” grandfather or grandson, etc.) and,
(4) That Ussher and Lightfoot’s findings are to be interpreted as biblical truths. Hence, the flood and biblical chronology as we understand it may be off by a multitude of years. But this possibility does not mean science is without potential error regarding timelines.
Science and an “Old Earth Cosmology:” This view is typically held by science and thus the secularized world as well. Science bases its claims on the presumed faultless accomplishments of scientific inquiry. However, science is not without shortcomings either. Any reasonable scientist will acknowledge this fact.
Science informs us the earth is 4.5 billion years old. This age is supposedly verifiable through such measuring techniques as radiocarbon dating. But scientists are aware that C-14’s half life (5,700 years) quantifies carbon based material to approximately 3692 BC.
They are also aware earlier dates must be obtained in unison with a preconceived, evolutionary, geological stratigraphy that only exists in carefully edited secular textbooks and are never quite so obvious when working within the actual geological column.
Hence, science’s present tautology regarding age and dating becomes man’s dilemma because theory, once again, has been passed along as fact. Science also posits a universe that is some 14-18 billion years old.
It quantifies these estimates by way of extrapolating measured results of background radiation, etc., back to a theoretical, protracted point in time. But the premise on which these theories are constructed may be wrong—at least to some degree.
Recent astronomical observations attest to a universe that is anything but homogeneous and isotropic as Big Bang proponents hypothesize.
Science is also aware that we cannot precisely measure astronomical phenomena beyond a few hundred or thousand light years from earth without a series of assumptions being added to the equation. Anything further is no more than an estimated (calculated) guess at distance or age.
So, who or what are we to believe concerning the dating of the flood?
Theology attempts to provide saints with a ‘refiner’s fire’ by which to curtail our inclination to sin. But it stokes these fires whenever there is an abuse of power at the clerical or authoritative level. In the process, souls are inadvertently misguided when we take out of context all that God intends to veil.
This is particularly true given cosmology. While a Young Earth cosmology may appear easily deduced from Scripture, it is no more than an “assumed” possibility—one of many.
It is not fact. It is not specified within the Bible. We must either believe in Ussher and Lightfoot’s genealogical interpretation, recognizing that gaps potentially exist within the record, or forego the unknown. This is not to suggest that a multitude of theories cannot apply between science and theology, because they can and do—but they remain just that—theories.
However, something more serious is at stake regarding this debate. A few so-called “Bible scholars” have tied a Young Earth Cosmology to one’s soteriological position. This narrow view causes people to stumble (Rom. 14:5). This stance is ridiculous in light of the fact that neither cosmological view can be disqualified from at least some consideration. But science is not exempt from potential errors either.
Isn’t this the same community who proves, then disproves findings given subsequent study—time after time, after time, after time? Isn’t this the same group who brought us the Piltdown hoax, defunct Lamarckian evolution, the chemical transference of memory, a steady state cosmos, cold fusion, Aristotelian geocentricity, a mechanistic universe, spontaneous generation, pangenes, the non-detection of gravitational radiation, non-observed evolution and non-observed stellar evolution, and aether-space?
Aren’t these the same pop-culture priests who approved the use of Agent Orange, thalidomide, DDT, DES and a host of legal, but lethal drugs? God, I pray not. But in both cases, it may indeed be true, at least in part.
So, what are we to believe regarding Noah, the ark, and the flood? Like most arguments, perhaps the answer lays somewhere in the middle.
Given the above, it is more than plausible that the author of the Epic of Gilgamesh, Shin-eqi-unninni, having scribed the account somewhere between 2700 and 1400 BC, plagiarized the Great Flood from Moses’ writings. Period: end of this epic battle. (Source X(3).)
P27, P28 and P29 (Part 1): Regarding Moses. Please read Zeitgeist’s transcript for details.
Note: The first appearance of a document within the archaeological record may or may not correlate to the actual date of the reported event. Hence, authorship, if recorded, is also briefly summarized. Please keep this in-mind when reviewing the below.
Conservative Christian View Regarding Moses:
Conclusion: If we look at written accounts, Moses’ story appears to have come first. If we consider Ussher and Lightfoot’s chronology may have fallen short, it is even more apparent Moses’ record precedes Sargon’s.
The Ten Commandments:
Note: The first appearance of a document within the archaeological record may or may not correlate to the actual date of the reported event. Hence, authorship, if recorded, is also briefly summarized. Please keep this in-mind when reviewing the below.
Conservative Christian View Regarding Moses and the Ten Commandments:
Secular View of the Book of the Dead (Spell 125):
Final Judgment: According to Egypt’s Old Kingdom, when ‘average’ people died they were taken to the underworld. They were taken to the Court of Osiris where the heart was weighed. However, Final Judgment came from Horus—obviously a different god than Osiris, despite the efforts of Zeitgeist to embellish the opposite view.
At any rate, if a particular individual possessed enough money, regardless of deeds, he could buy his way past the judgment process and into the ever-resting place of the “Field of Reeds.” (Source Z(1).) If this person was ‘Royalty,’ he or she was always granted passage. In other words, no judgment was necessary for Royalty—for they were humans, but they were gods (lower case “g”). This is nothing like the biblical story dealing with the Great White Throne Judgment.
Virgin Birth: Previously addressed. There is no “Virgin Birth” within the ramblings of Zeitgeist or within the annals of Egyptian myth (See P5, S1 (Part 2) above.)
Saviors: Previously adjudged. (See P4, S4 and P11 (Part 1) above.)
Holy Communion: Outside of Zeitgeist’s non-footnoted bibliographic reference regarding this topic, no other evidence can be found substantiating holy communion within Egyptian folklore. As a matter of fact, the act of Communion can only be academically ascribed to Christ.
Zeitgeist’s non-footnoted outcry is terribly indistinct. In fact, Zeitgeist’s questionable recitation discusses only the offering of blood for the excitation of male genitalia. (See Zeitgeist’s bibliographic reference.)
Easter: The term “Easter” is the King James rendering of the Greek equivalent for Passover, “pascha.” While the King James Version makes use of the word “Easter,” newer versions have corrected for transliteration problems.
In other words, “Easter,” correctly translated and observed by both Jesus and His followers celebrate Passover, the blood of the Lamb, slain for the salvation and redemption of man. While the New Testament celebration of pascha corresponds to the Jewish Passover, unfortunately the name “Easter” itself, as mishandled by earlier translators of the New Testament, stems from the early Babylonian goddess Ishtar.
As the goddess of fertility, it is not difficult to imagine where Easter / Ishtar bunnies and fertility egg practices come from—from Babylon, not Egypt. But as already intimated and currently celebrated, Easter has nothing to do with either the REAL Jewish or Christian observance of Passover—absolutely nothing. (Source Z(5).)
Christmas: In summary, previously discussed. (See P5, S1 (Part 1) above.)
My Response: First, regarding Justin’s quotes (above), these are part of a series of writings dating back to approximately AD 156. The world around the Christian was completely inundated in paganism. If anyone had ever been ‘chosen’ to bring the Gospel to this world of legend and myth, it most assuredly was Justin Martyr.
Justin was a converted pagan in a mythological, pagan world. He must have felt right at home. He knew how to converse with like minds and communities through simile.
This was just as true about the apostle Paul amongst the Athenian philosophers on Mars’ Hill (Acts 17:16-23). This same witnessing technique was, and is, presently applied by the Roman Catholic Church and the evangelistic community as a whole. (See also P12, Part 1 above.)
Second, as already mentioned, “If a simile exists between pre-Christian and Christian concepts of God, then it might stem from man’s limitations to think and to speak of the metaphysical. There are only so many ways in which to define the physical much less to analogize the unknown.
It is man’s sinful nature and commensurate mortality that instigates inquiries into God, life, death, and the possibility of an afterlife—to and including judgment. It is the way God designed us, as it should be (Rom. 1).” Man’s desire to understand the metaphysical has always been this way. It shall remain this way forevermore.
Third, Justin Martyr was a human being, uninspired as a canonical author by the Holy Spirit (2 Pet. 1:20-21; 1 Thess. 1:5). In other words, Justin Martyr’s apologia was not without error. It is just as likely that neither were some of his evangelistic methods. But within the human halls of Christendom, he remains an example for all. He tried. He probably did his very best. And that is all the Lord expects.
Fourth, anyone who does not believe in the God of the Bible most assuredly will not believe in the devil. So, there is no great surprise here, however:
Fifth, in the claim above,Zeitgeist ridicules and thus rejects the biblical notion of a devil as well as the transference or foreshadowing of events and characters. In P31 below, they utilize this same negative premise but in attempt to develop a positive conclusion.
One cannot use a negative premise to obtain a positive result. This is to enter into the logical fallacy of ‘Classical Syllogism.’ I suppose however that whatever is convenient is necessarily convenient—at least at the time.
P31: Please read Zeitgeist’s transcript for details.
My Response: First, there are a multitude of authors who have addressed this issue far better than I, at least given time and space. For more information on this topic, please type in “Historicity of Jesus” on any search engine. Second, in regards to how many historians may have written about Jesus, who knows? Not all archives have been uncovered yet. But consider what we do know:
Extant Manuscripts Concerning Jesus’ Historicity (Not all included):
– Gnostic Authors: Hundreds of works (e.g., Gospel of Truth, Treatise on Resurrection and, Apocryphon of John) et al.
– Dead Sea Scrolls (e.g., Crucified Messiah Scroll, Son of God Scroll, 4Q246 Scroll, Cave 7 Scroll, 7Q5 Scroll).
– Other(s): Tertullian, Chrysostom, Athanasius, Tatian, Athenagorus, Hermias, Aristion, the Elder John, Shepherd of Hermas, Anthony the Great, Pachomius, Ephrem, John of Damascus and, the Roman Catacombs (well over 1 million graves with Christian insignia), et al.
Third, Zeitgeist would have viewers believe that Christians quote from only four sources. This, simply, is not true. See the above data.
Fourth, when Zeitgeist concedes that three records contain “Only a few sentences at best and only refer to the Christus or the Christ,”Zeitgeist essentially refutes their very own premise in that no, “Not one” historian ever wrote about Christ. Because of this, no historical quotes are even necessary.
Fifth, Zeitgeist claims an excerpt from Josephus has been fraudulently misquoted, and for hundreds of years. This assertion is not true. All one has to do to explore this fact is follow directions under point one above.
Internal New Testament Resources Documenting the Historicity of Jesus:
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter, the writer of Hebrews, the writer of Jude.
Regarding “Literary Criticism” and the New Testament:
Over 5,000 Greek manuscripts, in whole or part, establish the body of the New Testament. The New Testament was complete by AD 95, some sixty years or so after Jesus’ death. There is not a single classical literary work in the world that maintains as many extant copies so closely transcribed from the original as does the New Testament.
This would obviously include such notable authors and their respective works as: Caesar, Livy, Plato, Thucydides, Herodotus, Horace, Sophocles, Lucretius, Catullus, Euripedes, Demosthenes, Aristotle, Aristophanes and Homer (lliad). (See McDowell New Evidence that Demands a Verdict.)
Returning to P32 for a moment, Zeitgeist asks a very important question: “How many historians document this [Jesus] figure?” In my mind, enough to validate the claims therein. To reject resources simply because one does not wish to believe in an account (without empirical evidence to the contrary) is to enter into the logical fallacy of genetic.
While Diocletian, Voltaire and others have promised the demise of the Bible and the Judeo-Christian faith, it remains as Yeshua Ha Mashiach would have it: “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.” (Matt. 24:35.)
My Response: First, I have given evidence in my rebuttal that Jesus is no “Solar Deity” (see P4, S4 and P3, S2). Second, “Gnostics” or Gnosticism is representative of the occult, not mainstream Christianity. Thus, Zeitgeist’s use of the phrase “Gnostic Christian” is contradictory. One cannot be a Christian and a follower of Gnosticism at the same time.
Third, Jesus is no “mythical figure” (see P32 and P33 above). Fourth, it was not the “political establishment” that exalted Jesus but rather Christ’s followers. It was the “political [and religious] establishment” that murdered Him.
Fifth, it was not Constantine who used Christian doctrine to tame a savage world but God Himself. Who else would promote “Turn the other cheek?”—certainly not Constantine’s army. Sixth, it was not Constantine who “historized” Christ but historians who “historized” Christ—long before Constantine existed (see P32 and P33).
Seventh, one of the primary purposes of the Council of Nicea was to put a stop to the numerous heretical writings circulating throughout the Roman world (for example, Gnostic writings). This should lend credence to the view there were so many historical writings at the time regarding Christ that a council had to be convened in order to deal with them.
Eighth, politics was not the motivation behind the Council of Nicea but rather ecclesiology and rampant heresy.
Ninth, while two wrongs do not make a right, bloodshed during the “Vatican’s” reign was significantly less than when atheists have ruled the world. For example, one estimate suggests that some 16 million people lost their life due to “professing Christians” (I emphasize the word “professing”).
This supposedly occurred over twenty centuries of Christian history. By the same token, under atheism, in just one century, over 130 million people have been slaughtered (See Kennedy and Newcomb, What if Jesus Had Never Been Born?).
Tenth, “spiritual fraud?” One of the purposes of the Reformation was to help curve this behavior. The Church had overstepped its bounds. But wherever there are humans involved, despite their “professed” creed (secular or religious), there will always be abuse.
P35: “Christianity, along with all other theistic belief systems, is the fraud of the age. It served to detach the species from the natural world, and likewise, each other. It supports blind submission to authority. It reduces human responsibility to the effect that “God” controls everything, and in turn awful crimes can be justified in the name of Divine Pursuit.
And most importantly, it empowers those who know the truth but use the truth to manipulate and control societies. The religious myth is the most powerful device ever created, and serves as the psychological soil upon which other myths can flourish.”
My Response: First, if we just look at the number of people murdered under atheism (see P34, “Ninth” above), I think most will agree that Christianity and other theistic systems are not “the fraud of the age.” If anything, most ‘theistic systems’ make an effort to curtail the depravity in man.
Second, religion does not separate man from the natural world but rather man does this to himself, if at all. Third, “Blind submission?” If this were true, there would only be one Christian Church (uppercase “C”).
Fourth, “Reduces human responsibility to the effect that ‘God’ controls everything, and in turn awful crimes can be justified in the name of Divine Pursuit?” Let us look towards atheism if we wish to embark on this thoughtless journey.
Fifth, in the end, Christ or Christianity empowers people, not so much governments. If this were not true, there would be no America… by the people, for the people.
If analogies exist at all between pre-Christian and Christian concepts of God, it is only because of man’s limitations to try and explain that which cannot be explained—the unknown. But there is no comparison between the changing whims of myth and the reality of Christ. These differences are all too obvious when reading the various texts.
It is like watching a procession of changing animations and cartoons stacked up against the historical, immutable, omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent one and only true God of the Judeo-Christian faith.
Once the Bible is read and understood, it is inconceivable how anyone could ever equate the story of Christ to the ever-changing pantheon of Egyptian hieroglyphic, Greek or Roman assimilations. But there is nothing new in this effort to derail the Risen Christ and His adherents. From the beginning of time most men have believed in God (or god, or a pantheon of gods), while a small minority has not.
It is no different with Christ and Christianity. For two thousand years a good portion of the world has believed in Christ, both scholars and lay-people alike. There is a small element of the population that desire and deserve to be without the Creator.
In simple terms, they do not want a boss. They wish to be God themselves. But they cannot be. And, I feel sorry for them.
In articulating the necessity of God, it is again quite simple: 1) Occam’s Razor (sometimes spelled Ockham’s razor) is the principle which states: “All other things being equal, the simple solution is the best.” The principle suggests that an explanation of any phenomenon should make as few assumptions as possible.
In other words, when competing ideas are altogether considered, the principle of Occam’s razor demands the theory with the least number of assumptions and entities be selected. It is an idea first postulated by the 4th century English Franciscan friar, William of Ockham.
However, its strength and veracity exist with us today. It is currently used as a heuristic maxim that advises economy, simplicity and even science itself. 2) Evolution v. Creationism: We were either created or we evolved. There are no other options.
The problem with evolution is that it is a dead end. Evolution only attempts to address the origin of the species—not the origin of the cosmos. Hence, evolution leaves us asking the deeper question still: “How did the earth, the universe, get here in order for us to evolve—if that was indeed the mechanism?”
Evolution has no answer. Science posits the Big Bang as the answer but the same question lingers: “From whence did the Big Bang occur?” Creation is the only option answering the ultimate, non-created Creator question. And, as Mr. Ockham stated, it is much more reasonable to accept the less complex than the opaque.
3) Anselm of Cantebury once reasoned, one cannot envision a thing much greater than God, therefore He, God, must exist. For what it’s worth, I have added to Anselm’s hypothesis. It is my contention that one cannot conceptually envision God unless God truly exists, at least in part. For we cannot envision something that does not exist, at least in part. If God exists in part, then by literal definition, He must exist, necessarily.
4) The Scientific Method calls for conclusions to be verifiable, repeatable and for conclusions to be upheld by a majority of their peers. In other words, science admonishes results that do not encompass empirical evidence. By definition, this means that in order for science to support certain findings they must be verifiable through observation and/or experiment. This is the definition of empirical.
Christ is the empirical evidence of God. He is historically verifiable. His acts were repeatable. His life was experientially observed. To randomly exclude the writings of Jesus’ early followers as verifiable and observable evidence for the historicity of Jesus is to enter into the logical fallacy of genetic.
5) Faith v. Reason and Logic: Human reason, logic, philosophy and mathematics are imperfect. But they are the basis of secular academics and the world in which we live—even though we stand juxtaposed at times. We do so because the application of these systems by humans is not failsafe. They are fallible.
This leaves us with faith alone—at every turn, regardless of the endeavor. We cannot cross a street or sit in a chair without faith. “Faith” may be the only thing we “know,” as much of an oxymoron that this statement might represent. We do, in fact, “KNOW” very little. Even history itself can be tainted.
It is the opinion of this author Zeitgeist endeavors to do just that: to taint history and thus modern man. The authors of Zeitgeist either exclude or distort most major historical and academic works known to man.
Their motive seems clear: the demotion of the majority by the minority. This is the desire of the few—the so-called intellectual community—the self-elect body of the divine who think themselves God.
Zeitgeist is the ‘New Prevailing Postmodern Spirit.’ This spirit seems to be taking hold across a country where ignorance is pervasive and sometimes bliss, as unlearned soul after unlearned soul fall victim to the “New man behind the curtain.”
We are, as Christ Himself so readily knew, being led to the slaughter like sheep. And few, it seems, are even aware this is happening. We must be like the Jew who first arrived at German extermination camps during WWII, somewhat at a loss as to what confronted them. It is a shame, and not so much for the victim as it is for the perpetrator of such crimes.
6) The Judeo-Christian Faith is so much more stable, believable and provable than any other religion in the world. The characters are not conjured up or animated as in cartoons. They do not change in name or trait. The story is not fictionalized, dramatized or updated at every turn. It is not re-written because of change or shortcomings in societies or leaders. Its consistency remains the same. There are no transitional gods.
Stories are not adjusted. They are not assimilated. The biblical record has proven to be translated and transferred with great care. The biblical God does not contain a pantheon of gods to do His job. There is only one observed God, Who walked the earth with man. He is not merely some glyph or depiction on a wall.
He is not merely a concept, a myth, a nice story at bedtime. He is not merely an ideal or thought or replication of any terrestrial or celestial phenomenon. He was and is reality. He is the Creator. His name is Jesus.
7) Blaise Pascal, the great French scientist and mathematician and contemporary of Descartes, once wagered: “What have you got to lose if you believe in God and God exists?” More succinctly he also wagered: “What have you got to lose if you do not believe in God and God exists?”
These are questions we all should be willing to ‘wager.’ Perhaps after all is said and done, we should take our lead from such great and notable men as Ockham, Anselm and Pascal. For they seem to know more than I can even imagine.
P.S. Thank you for asking me about the legitimacy of this film. I believe you have your answer. I love you! Give my regards to your family.
(A/K/A R. Christopher )
(For http://www.Zeitgeistresponse.info/ . You may also reach this web site by clicking on the Navigation key, “Zeitgeist Response” (to the left)
Note: As mentioned earlier, it would be impossible to broadcast my library to anyone . Neither do I wish to send people on a wild, expensive goose chase in order to try and find resources that neither exist or are not so easily accessible.
This study was not designed for the academic who has an infinite number of resources at their disposal. It was designed for those on-line so that they might access unbiased information at no cost. I make no apology for this. All Source Material, attachments, books and notes are in the hand of the author.
2. Bowersock, G. W., Fiction As History (University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 1994).
3. Tudge, Colin, The Time Before History (Scribner, NY, 1996).
4. Van Doren, Charles, A History of Knowledge (Ballantine Books, NY, 1991).
5. Eliade, Mircea, A History of Religious Ideas, 4 vols. (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1982).
6. Smith, Mark, S., The Early History of God (HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, San Francisco, CA, 1990).
7. James, Peter, Centuries of Darkness (Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, 1993).
8. Roberts, J. M., History of the World (Oxford University Press, NY, 1993).
9. Armstrong, Karen, A History of God (Ballantine Books, NY, 1993).
10. Grun, Bernard, The Timetables of History; 3rd Revised Edition, Based upon Werner Stein’s Kulturfahrplan (A Touchstone Book, Published by Simon & Schuster, NY, 1991).
11. Pritchard, James, B., Ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1969), p. 34.
12. Budge, E. A., Wallis, The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Papyrus of Ani (Tess Press, an imprint of Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc., British Museum, 1895).
13. Massey, Gerald, Ancient Egypt, The Light of the World (Nu Visions Publications, LLC, ISBN 1-59547-994-5, 2004).
14. Rohl, David M., Pharaohs and Kings (Crown Publishers, Inc., NY, 1995).
15. Hancock, Graham and Robert Bauval, The Message of the Sphinx (Crown Publishers, Inc., NY, 1996).
16. Eliade, Mircea, Essential Sacred Writings from Around the World (HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, NY, 1967).
17. Harpur, James, The Atlas of Sacred Places (A Henry Holt Reference Book, Henry Holt and Company, NY, 1994).
18. Redford, Donald, B., Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1992).
19. Smelik, Klass, A. D., Writings from Ancient Israel (Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville, KY, 1991).
20. Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods (Facts on File, NY, 1993).
21. Finegan, Jack, Myth & Mystery, An introduction to the Pagan Religions of the Biblical World (Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1989).
22. Zacharias, Ravi, Dean C. Halverson, Ed., World Religions (Bethany House Publishers, Minneapolis, MN, 1996).
23. Pennick, Nigel, The Pagan Book of Days (Destiny Books, Rochester, VT, 1992).
24. Hawkes, Jacquetta, The Atlas of Early Man (St. Martin’s Press, NY, 1976).
25. Cross, Frank Moore, Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1973).
26. Hancock, Graham, Fingerprints of the Gods (Crown Publishers Inc., NY, 1995).
27. Ferris, Timothy, Ed., The World Treasury of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics (Back Bay Books, Little Brown and Company, Boston, 1991).
28. Barnes-Svarney, Patrick, The New York Public Library Science Desk Reference (A Stonesong Press Book, Macmillan, USA, 1995).
29. Schroeder, Gerald, L., The Science of God (The Free Press, NY, 1997).
30. Denton, Michael, Evolution: A Theory In Crisis (Adler & Adler, Bethesda, MD, 1985).
31. Johnson, Phillip, E., Darwin on Trial (InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1991).
32. Ross, Hugh, Ph.D., The Creator and the Cosmos (NavPress Publishing Group, Colorado Springs, CO, 1993).
33. Ross, Hugh, Ph.D., Creation and Time (NavPress Publishing Group, Colorado Springs, CO, 1994).
34. Leakey, Richard, The Origin of Mankind (Basic Books, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, NY, 1994).
35. Schroeder, Gerald, L., Genesis and the Big Bang (Bantam Books, NY, 1992).
36. Ross, Hugh, Ph.D., Genesis One: A Scientific Perspective (Hugh Ross, USA, 1979).
37. Godfrey, Laurie, R., Scientists Confront Creationism (W. W. Norton & Company, NY, 1983).
38. Ratzsch, Del, The Battle of Beginnings (InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1996).
39. Polkinghorne, John, Quarks, Chaos & Christianity (Crossroad, NY, 1997).
40. Ross, Hugh, Ph.D., The Fingerprint of God (Promise Publishing Co., Orange, CA, 1989).
41. Faid, Robert, W., A Scientific Approach to Biblical Mysteries (New Leaf Press, Green Forest, AZ, 1995).
42. Casti, John, Paradigms Lost (Avon Books, NY, 1989).
43. Pellegrino, Charles, Return to Sodom and Gomorrah (Random House, NY, 1994).
44. Hallam, A., Great Geological Controversies (Oxford Science Publications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989).
45. Beardsley, Monroe, C., Ed., The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (The Modern Library, NY, 1992).
46. Hamilton, Edith and Huntington Cairns, Eds., Plato, The Collected Dialogues, including the Letters (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1961).
47. Comfort, Philip, Wesley, Ed., The Origin of the Bible (Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Wheaton, IL, 1992).
48. Strong, James, S.T.D., LL.D., The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible (World Bible Publishers, Iowa City, IW, ISBN 0-529-06440-5).
49. Finegan, Jack, Handbook of Biblical Chronology (Hendrikson Publishers, Peabody, MA, 1998).
50. Keller, Werner, The Bible as History (William Morrow & Company, Inc., NY, 1980).
51. Mazar, Amihai, Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, 10,000—586 B.C.E. (Doubleday, NY, 1990).
52. Pfeiffer, Charles, F., Ed., Wycliffe Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology (Hendrikson Publishers, Peabody, MA, 2000).
53. Platt, Rutherford, H., Jr., Ed., The Forgotten Books of the Bible (Bell Publishing Company, NY, 1980).
54. The Lost Books of the Bible, Translated from the Original Tongues (Bell Publishing Company, NY, 1979).
55. Klagsbrun, Francine, Jewish Days (Farrar Straus Giroux, NY, 1985).
56. Bloom, Harold, The Western Canon (Harcourt Brace & Company, NY, 1994).
57. Baigent, Michael and Richard Leigh, The Dead Sea Scrolls Deception (Summit Books, NY, 1991).
58. House, H., Wayne, Chronological and Background Charts of the New Testament (Academie Books, Grand Rapids, MI, 1981).
59. Frend, William, H. C., The Archaeology of Early Christianity, A History (Fortress Press, Minneapolis, MN, 1996).
60. Vincent, Marvin, R., D.D., Word studies in the New Testament, 4 Vols. (Macdonald Publishing Company, Mclean, VA, ISBN 0-917006-30-5).
61. Leadership Ministries Worldwide, Practical Word Studies in the New Testament (Alpha-Omega Ministries Inc., Chattanooga, TN, 1980).
62. Berry, George Ricker, The Interlinear Greek-English New Testament, with Lexicon and Synonyms (Regency Reference Library, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1992).
63. Cairns, Earle E., Christianity Through the Centuries (Academie Books, Grand Rapids, MI, 1981).
64. Dowley, Tim, Ed., The History of Christianity (Fortress Press, Minneapolis, MN, 2002).
65. Ellerbe, Helen, The Dark Side of Christian History (Morningstar books, San Rafael, CA, 1995).
66. Sanders, E. P., The Historical Figure of Jesus (Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, London, 1993).
67. Kennedy, James, D. and Jerry Newcomb, What If Jesus Had Never Been Born? (Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, 1994), pp. 224-238.
68. Acharya, S., The Christ Conspiracy (Adventures Unlimited Press, Kempton, IL, 1999).
69. Massey, Gerald, The Historical Jesus and the Mythical Christ (The Book Tree, Escondido, CA; First Published in London by William & Norgate, 1883).
70. Pelikan, Jaroslav, Ed., Sacred Writings, Christianity: The Apocrypha and The New Testament (Quality Paperback Book Club, NY, 1992).
71. Virkler, Henry, A., Ph.D., A Christian’s Guide to Critical Thinking (Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, 1993), pp. 175-234.
72. Daur, Francis, Watanabe, Critical Thinking (Barnes & Noble Books, NY, 1989).
73. Adler, Mortimer, J., Ten Philosophical Mistakes (Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Company, NY, 19850.
74. Kung, Hans, Does God Exist? (Crossroad, NY, 1980).
75. Angeles, Peter, A., Critiques of God (Prometheus Books, Amherst, NY, 1997).
76. Grant, Robert, M., Gods and the One God (The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1986).
77. Christopher, R., Misconceptions Concerning God (Witness Box Ministries, Inc., Atlanta, GA, 1995).
78. Davies, Brian and G. R. Evans, Eds., Anselm of Cantebury (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998).
79. Ayer, Alfred, Jules, Language, Truth & Logic (Dover publications, Inc., NY, 1952).
80. Fisher, Alec, The Logic of Real Arguments (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996).
81. Adler, Mortimer, J., How to Think About God (Collier Books, Macmillan publishing Company, NY, 1980).
82. Boa, Kenneth D., Faith Has Its Reasons (NavPress, Colorado Springs, Co, 2001).
83. Blamires, Harry, The Christian Mind (Vine Books, Servant Publications, Ann Arbor, MI, 19630.
84. Nash, Ronald, H., Faith & Reason (Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1988).
85. Breese, Dave, Seven Men Who Rule the World from the Grave (Moody Press, Chicago, 1990).
86. Sproul, R. C., Not A Chance (Baker Books, Grand Rapids, MI, 1994).
87. Grant, Robert, M., Greek Apologists of the Second Century (The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1988).
88. Kreeft, Peter and Ronald K. Tacelli, Handbook of Christian Apologetics (InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1994).
89. Geisler, Norman, L., Christian Apologetics (Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1976).
90. Geisler, Norman, L., Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics (Baker Books, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999).
91. Geisler, Norman and Thomas Howe, When Critics Ask (Victor Books, A Division of Scripture Publications, Inc., USA, Canada, London, 1992).
92. Whiston, William, Trans., The Works of Josephus (Hendrikson Publishers, 1987).
93. Hadas-Lebel, Mireille, Flavius Josephus (Macmillan Publishing Company, NY, 1993).
94. McDowell, Josh, The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict (Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, 1999).
95. Schaff, Philip, D.D., LL.D., Ante-Nicene Fathers (Hendrikson Publishers, Peabody, MA, 1995).
96. Webster’s II New Riverside University Dictionary (The Riverside Publishing Company, USA, 1984).
blog Beyond The Physical Realm.
Many thanks. God bless you! Laura Maxwell.